Guide to insects
Dragon- & damselflies
Crickets & grasshoppers
Aphids & planthoppers
Butterflies & moths
Bees, ants, wasps
Last updated 08/15/2005
| Insects of Coal Oil Point > Guide > Orthoptera - Grasshoppers & Crickets |
Orthoptera - Grasshoppers & Crickets
Orthoptera are relatively largehopping insects. When winged, their forewings are usually long, thinand somewhat hard, while the hind wings are broad, membranous and canbe folded in a fan-like manner beneath the forewings. They are not verystrong fliers, though they have large hindlegs which make them greatjumpers. Jerusalem crickets and camel crickets have lost their wingsentirely.
Orthopterans are often known for their chirping and “singing.” Thesesounds are generally created by males rubbing their legs or wings onanother body part and used to attract female mates. Jerusalem cricketsattract mates by drumming their abdomens on the ground, producingvibrations that are sensed by members of the opposite sex.
Aside from the Jerusalem cricket, all of the Orthoptera shown below are immature (so the wings are not fully developed).
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