A Guide to the Insects of the Coal Oil Point Reserve

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Funded in part by the UCSB Pearl Chase Fund

Last updated 08/15/2005
  Insects of Coal Oil Point > Guide > Homoptera - Aphids & Planthoppers

Homoptera - Aphids & Planthoppers

Homopteransare typically found on plants, on which they all feed. LikeHeteroptera, their mouthparts are long beaks, which they use pierceplant tissue and feed on the sap and fluid within. Homoptera expel theundigested portion of sap from their anus, producing a substance knownas honeydew. This honeydew attracts ants, which, in exchange for themeal, protect many Homopterans.

Homoptera are an important food source for many birds, lizards, and predatorial insects (including Flower Files, Lacewings, and Ladybird beetles.)

TheHomoptera includes such well known plant pests as aphids, scales,whiteflies and sharpshooters, all of which cause damage by feeding andmay even transmit plant diseases. These pose many challenges to famersand gardeners alike. However, the group also contains many relativelybenign bugs like treehoppers and cicadas.

The Coal Oil Point collection includes 24 species of Homoptera.

Navigate by family

Membracidae | Cercopidae| Cicadellidae | Issidae | Cixiidae | Psyllidae| Aphididae  

*Additional information and pictures are available for the families in bold.
Bug Photos
(click to enlarge)

Membracidae - Treehoppers

Cercopidae - Froghoppers and Spittlebugs

Cicadellidae - Leafhoppers

Additional pictures and information about Cicadellidae

Issidae - Issid Planthoppers

Cixiidae - Cixiid Planthoppers

Psyllidae - Psyllids

Aphididae - Aphids


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